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考博英语真题|2017年中国科学院(中科院)博士生入学考试真题题型讲解

http://kaobo.b2cedu.com  2017-5-17  来源:本站原创  作者:佚名

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2017年中国科学院(中科院)博士生入学考试真题题型讲解

第一部分回忆

单选第一题 原题意思是人类虽然发展很快,但还是  一些疾病摆布。
答案 at the mercy of任由..摆布
说一下我当时摇摆过的有印象的题:
单选有一题大概意思是如果你不能理解你要管理的是什么,怎么能管理好它呢?
答案是pin down
单选还有一题大概意思是他听到这个消息好久都没缓过来,花了些时间去消化它。选项有take in和break down,前者是正确答案,这题我错了。
单选最后一题:大概意思商店有忙和不忙的时间。答案是slack
完形有一题是have memories +,选项有in to for by,答案应该是for

第二部分回忆

排序第一个题不是那个,第二个题 关于濒临灭绝植物的,找到了网页 是这个共9个植物 但是排序题只截取了3个植物
Here are nine of the most threatened plants today. They are almost all classed as critically endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). These plants occupy some of the most inaccessible, remote parts of our planet. They are threatened by habitat destruction, illegal collection, poaching, and competition with invading species.
Attenborough's pitcher plant is known only from the relatively inaccessible summit of Mount Victoria in Palawan in the Philippines. There are thought to be only a few hundred of them.
Pitcher plants are carnivorous plants that trap animals in liquid-filled bowls called pitchers. Attenborough's pitcher plant is one of the biggest, with pitchers up to 30cm in height that can trap insects and rats.
It was only discovered in 2007 when a team of botanists, tipped off by two Christian missionaries, scaled Mount Victoria. It is named after British natural history broadcaster David Attenborough.

 

第三部分回忆

 

找到一篇原文 大家来回忆吧。One of the largest earthquakes ever recorded hit on Boxing Day 2004. The resulting tsunami devastated huge swaths of the Indian Ocean coastline and left an estimated quarter of a million people dead across Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India and Thailand. Aid agencies quickly arrived to help battered and traumatised survivors.

Mental health was a massive part of the emergency response but the World Health Organisation promptly did something it has never done before or since. It specifically denounced a type of psychological therapy and recommended that it shouldn't be used. The therapy was a single session treatment called "psychological debriefing", which involved working with disaster victims to encourage people to supposedly "process" the intense emotions by talking through them in stages. It was intended to prevent later mental health problems by helping people resolve difficult emotions early on. The only trouble was that it made things worse. Studies had shown that people given post-disaster psychological debriefing were subsequently more likely to suffer mental health problems than people who had had no treatment at all.

Guidance from the world's most influential health authority had little effect, and the therapy was extensively used. The reluctance to do things differently was tied up with some of the least-appreciated facts about our reactions to disaster. In our trauma-focused society, it is often forgotten that the majority of people who experience the ravages of natural disaster, become the victims of violence or lose loved ones in tragedy will need no assistance from mental health professionals.

Most people will be shaken up, distressed and bereaved, but these are natural reactions, not in themselves disorders. Only a minority of people – rarely more than 30% in well-conducted studies and often considerably less – will develop psychological difficulties as a result of their experiences, and the single most common outcome is recovery without the need of professional help. But regardless of the eventual outcome, you are likely to be at your most stressed during the disaster and your stress levels will reduce afterwards even if they don't return to normal. Your body simply cannot maintain peak levels of anxiety.
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These are important facts to bear in mind because, from the point of view of the disaster therapist, psychological debriefing seems to work – stress levels genuinely drop. But what the individual therapist can't see is that this would happen more effectively, leaving less people traumatised, if they did nothing.

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